John's Journal... Entry 254, Day 5
HOW TO FISH SUMMERTIME CATFISH
What Cats Like
Editor's Note: "Don't want no bream or crappie, Only one fish that makes me happy: Catfish, catfish." (Taken from the musical "Pumpboys & Dinettes") Plenty of anglers across the U.S. share the sentiments of this song from "Pumpboys and Dinettes." They love the fun of matching baits to the seasons of the year and the places where they fish to catch cats, and they enjoy the delicious white meat of catfish. Although many anglers believe that throwing a stink bait out on the bottom of any river in the summer will catch catfish, to consistently take more cats on every outing, you need to know where the fish most likely will occur, what they will eat in these spots, and what conditions will cause them to feed most actively. You can check with biologists, local anglers and area sporting-goods stores to learn what catfish prefer to eat in your part of the state at each time of the year. Several factors affect when and what catfish eat. The temperature of the water governs how actively catfish feed because the enzyme action in a catfish's stomach doubles with each 8-degree increase in water temperature. The hotter the weather becomes, the more catfish feed. Since most catfish prefer a dark habitat, they eat mostly at night during the hottest, sunniest weather. My friend, Phil King of Corinth, Mississippi, an expert angler and guide for catfish who primarily fishes Pickwick Lake on the Alabama/Mississippi/Tennessee border, says that during the summer you'll most likely catch big catfish an hour or two after daylight with the secondary peak time from 8:30 a.m. until 10:30 a.m.
All North American species of catfish, which you may know by the nicknames of Mr. Whiskers, no-scales, creek cats, river cats and shovelhead catfish, have long feelers or barbels (whiskers) on their faces. These barbels enable catfish to find food because a catfish tastes with its feelers as well as its entire body. A catfish has more than 100,000 food sensors located all over its body with the largest number in its whiskers. A catfish discovers food by fanning the bottom with its barbels and honing in on vibrations as well as by following food scents. Some catfish, particularly the channel catfish, feed by sight too. Catfish like to eat almost anything, including various fish like gizzard and threadfin shad, suckers, mullet, freshwater mussels, hellgrammites, worms, leeches, frogs and decaying matter, since they often feed close to the bottom. To catch catfish, determine what baits naturally occur in an area, and fish them first. Because catfish eat such a wide variety of foods, you can catch them using many different baits and tactics, including bush hooks, yo-yos, snag hooks, limb lines, slat traps, basket traps, trammels and gillnets where allowed by law as well as conventional catfish tactics such as rods and reels, trotlines and jugs.
White catfish, which today fish-for-pay ponds stock heavily because they can live with largemouth bass, prefer gizzard and threadfin shad to eat. You can take white cats easiest on live bait with canepoles and/or spinning tackle. Although often anglers catch blue cats by jugging since they prefer cut fish bait or meat like chicken or beef livers or innards, flathead catfish won't have anything to do with decaying matter. You may take a flathead on a trotline, a handline or a jug using baits like bream, small catfish and crappie in states when you can angle with live fish or crayfish, gizzard shad and cut fish. Flatheads like to lie quietly in shallow water against big boulders or under submerged logs with their large mouths open to catch frightened fish. Channel catfish will hit both cut-fish baits and chicken innards on set-lines as well as shrimp and artificial lures like deep-running spoons, jigs and plugs on casting tackle. However, the bullhead catfish prefers a natural bait like suckers, crayfish and mollusks or lures such as wet flies, tiny jigs and spinners fished on canepoles or light-spinning tackle. Other catfish food preferences may include hot dogs, frogs, salamanders, freshwater clams, catalpa worms, fish entrails, various kinds of soap - Ivory, Palmolive, Camay and Octagon - as well as cheese balls, soybean meal cakes and flavored sponge baits.
To learn more about Phil King and his fishing and guide service, you can call him at (662) 286-8644, e-mail him at firstname.lastname@example.org, or go to www.h2ow.com/catfish/. For more information about catching catfish, order John E. Phillips' book, "The Masters' Secrets of Catfishing," at www.nighthawkpublications.com/fishing/masterscatfish.htm. To learn more about fishing below the dam at Pickwick, contact the Hardin County Convention and Visitor’s Bureau at email@example.com, call 731-925-8181 or 800-552-3866, or visit www.tourhardincounty.org. Pickwick Landing State Park offers fishing, boating, hiking, camping, swimming and golf. Lodging includes the lakeside inn with over 100 rooms, cabins that sleep eight and a campground that contains 48 sites with grill and electric/water hookup at each site. A restaurant at the park offers delicious southern cuisine. Call 731-689-3135 or 800-250-8615 to learn more.